M36: The M10 With A Much Better Gun
The M36 was another tank destroyer based on the Sherman chassis, basically an M10A1 with a new turret mounting a bigger gun. These tanks mounted the 90mm M3 gun. In some cases, the M36s turret was fitted to otherwise stock M4A3 hulls due to a shortage of M10 hulls. These TDs had full power traverse. These the M36 was well liked because the M3 worked well on both armor and soft targets since the M3 90mm gun had a nice HE shell.
The M36 was more popular than the M18 since it had some armor, and the gun really packed a punch. It was an M10 with every problem the M10 had fixed. The mobility of the M18 was considered somewhat limited in real world usefulness.
This TD suffered all the same problems dealing with infantry the M10 did, except in the M36 B1, since it was built on an M4A3 hull, it had a bow machine gun. This was as close to a factory produced 90mm Sherman during the war. It was also upgraded in a lot of units with some form of roof armor. It solved the drivers and co-drivers hatch problems and always had a power turret drive though.
There was a diesel-powered version based on the base M10 chassis powered by the GM 6046. There were 1413 M36s, 187 M36B1s, and 724 M36B2s. They produced it on the M4A3 and M10 hulls because they ran out of M10A1 hulls, and no more were going to be produced. Demand for the vehicle was so great they used what they had available. As far as I can tell they saw use only in Europe with the US Army, but the French used them in Indo-China (Vietnam).
M36 vehicle and Gun DATA
Click the above images for larger versions or download them below.
M3 90mm gun data 90mm GMC M36B1 Spec Sheet PDF